湍流

所属分类:力学  
出版时间:2010-4   出版时间:世界图书出版公司   作者:波普   页数:771  
Tag标签:湍流,流体力学,物理  

前言

This book is primarily intended as a graduate text on turbulent flows forengineering students,but it may also be valuable to students in atmosphericsciences,applied mathematics,and physics,as well as to researchers andpracticing engineers.The principal questions addressed are the following.(i) how do turbulent flows behave?(ii)HOW can they be described quantitativelv?(iii)What are the fundamental physical processes involved?(iv)HOW can equations be constructed to simulate or model the behaviorof turbulent flows?In 1 972 Tennekes and Lumley produced a textbook that admirably ad. dresses the first three of these questions .In the intervening years. due inpart to advances in computing,great strides have been made toward pro-viding answers to the fourth question. Approaches such as Reynolds-stressmodelling,probability-density-function(PDF)methods,and large-eddy sim-ulation(LES)have been developed that,to an extent,provide quantitativemodels for turbulent flows.Accordingly,here(in Part II)an emphasis isplaced on understanding how model equations can be constructed to de.scribe turbulent flows:and this objective provides focus to the first threequestions mentioned above(which are addressed in Part I).However,incontrast to the book by Wilcox f1993),this text iS not intended to be apractical guide to turbulence modelling.Rather,it explains the concepts anddevelops the mathematical tools that underlie a broad range of approaches.There iS a vast literature on turbulence and turbulent flows,with manyworthwhile questions addressed by many difierent approaches.

内容概要

本书是一部研究生湍流教程,是以作者在Cornell大学数年的教学讲义为基础,用最新颖的观点,全面综合讲述湍流这一流体动力学的重要组成部分。全书的内容分为两个组成部分,并且附有大量的附录,第一部分集中介绍湍流的基本知识,其工作原理,以及如何量化,也包括基本物理过程;第二部分介绍了跟湍流模型和模拟有关的各种方法;附录部分增加了理解本书所必需的数学技巧。目次:(第一部分)基础:导引;流体运动方程;湍流的统计描述;均值流动方程;自由剪切流;湍流运动尺度;壁流;(第二部分)模型和仿真:模型和仿真引入;直接数值模拟;湍流涡粘度模型;雷诺应力及其相关模型;PDF方法;大涡模拟;(第三部分)附录。  读者对象:适用于工程运用物理专业研究生水平的学生,应用数学专业,物理,海洋学、大气科学等方向的科研人员。

作者简介

作者:(美国)波普(Stephen B.Pope)

书籍目录

List
of
tables
Preface
Nomenclature
PART
ONE:
FUNDAMENTALS
 1
Introduction
  1.1
The
nature
of
turbulent
flows
  1.2
The
study
of
turbulent
flows
 2
The
equations
of
fluid
motion
  2.1
Continuum
fluid
properties
  2.2
Eulerian
and
Lagrangian
fields
  2.3
The
continuity
equation
  2.4
The
momentum
equation
  2.5
The
role
of
pressure
  2.6
Conserved
passive
scalars
  2.7
The
vorticity
equation
  2.8
Rates
of
strain
and
rotation
  2.9
Transformation
properties
 3
The
statistical
description
of
turbulent
flows
  3.1
The
random
nature
of
turbulence
  3.2
Characterization
of
random
variables
  3.3
Examples
of
probability
distributions
  3.4
Joint
random
variables
  3.5
Normal
and
joint-normal
distributions
  3.6
Random
processes
  3.7
Random
fields
  3.8
Probability
and
averaging
  4
Mean-flow
equations
  4.1
Reynolds
equations
  4.2
Reynolds
stresses
   4.3
The
mean
scalar
equation
  4.4
Gradient-diffusion
and
turbulent-viscosity
hypotheses
 5
Free
shear
flows
  5.1
The
round
jet:
experimental
observations
  5.2
The
round
jet:
mean
momentum
  5.3
The
round
jet:
kinetic
energy
  5.4
Other
self-similar
flows
  5.5
Further
observations
 6 The
scales
of
turbulent
motion
  6.1
The
energy
cascade
and
Kolmogorov
hypotheses
  6.2
Structure
functions
  6.3
Two-point
correlation
  6.4
Fourier
modes
  6.5
Velocity
spectra
  6.6
The
spectral
view
of
the
energy
cascade
  6.7
Limitations,
shortcomings,
and
refinements
  7 Wall
flows
  7.1
Channel
flow
  7.2
Pipe
flow
  7.3
Boundary
layers
  7.4
Turbulent
structures
PART
TWO:
MODELLING
AND
SIMULATION
 8
An
introduction
to
modelling
and
simulation
  8.1
The
challenge
  8.2
An
overview
of
approaches
  8.3
Criteria
for
appraising
models
 9
Direct
numerical
simulation
  9.1
Homogeneous
turbulence
  9.2
Inhomogeneous
flows
  9.3
Discussion
 10
Turbulent-viscosity
models
  10.1
The
turbulent-viscosity
hypothesis
  10.2
Algebraic
models
  10.3
Turbulent-kinetic-energy
models
  10.4
The
k-εmodel
  10:5
Further
turbulent-viscosity
models
 11
Reynolds-stress
and
related
models
  11.1
Introduction
  11.2
The
pressure-rate-of-strain
tensor
  11.3
Return-to-isotropy
models
  11.4
Rapid-distortion
theory
  11.5
Pressure-rate-of-strain
models
  11.6
Extension
to
inhomogeneous
flows
  11.7
Near-wall
treatments
  11.8
Elliptic
relaxation
models
  11.9
Algebraic
stress
and
nonlinear
viscosity
models
  11.10
Discussion
 12
PDF
methods
  12.1
The
Eulerian
PDF
of
velocity
  12.2
The
model
velocity
PDF
equation
  12.3
Langevin
equations
  12.4
Turbulent
dispersion
  12.5
The
velocity-frequency
joint
PDF
  12.6
The
Lagrangian
particle
method
  12.7
Extensions
  12.8
Discussion
 13
Large-eddy
simulation
  13.1
Introduction
  13.2
Filtering
  13.3
Filtered
conservation
equations
  13.4
The
Smagorinsky
model
  13.5
LES
in
wavenumber
space
  13.6
Further
residual-stress
models
  13.7
Discussion
PART
THREE:
APPENDICES
 Appendix
.4
Cartesian
tensors
  A.1
Cartesian
coordinates
and
vectors
  A.2
The
definition
of
Cartesian
tensors
  A.3
Tensor
operations
  A.4
The
vector
cross
product
  A.5
A
summary
of
Cartesian-tensor
suffix
notation
 Appendix
B
Properties
of
second-order
tensors
 Appendix
C
Dirac
delta
functions
  C.1
The
definition
of
δ(x)
  C.2
Properties
of
rS(x)
  C.3
Derivatives
of
rS(x)
  C.4
Taylor
series
  C.5
The
Heaviside
function
  C.6
Multiple
dimensions
 Appendix
D
Fourier
transforms
 Appendix
E
Spectral
representation
of
stationary
random
processes
   E.1
Fourier
series
  E.2
Periodic
random
processes
  E.3
Non-periodic
random
processes
  E.4
Derivatives
of
the-process
 Appenthix
F
The
discrete
Fourier
transform
 Appendix
G
Power-law
spectra
 Appendix
H
Derivation
of
Eulerian
PDF
equations
 Appendix
I
Characteristic
functions
 Appendix
J
Diffusion
processes
Bibliography
Author
index
Subject
index

章节摘录

插图:

编辑推荐

《湍流》是由世界图书出版公司出版的。

图书封面

图书标签Tags

湍流,流体力学,物理


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用户评论 (总计57条)

 
 

  •     对于有一定流体力学基础的人来说,该书是一本很好的工具性书籍:对湍流的各种概念进行了描述。阅读该书可以从相应的章节开始,不必逐章看(太厚了,等读到需要的那部分,可能黄花菜就凉了)。即便是这样,也可以感觉到作者深厚的功底和清晰的思路。当然如果需要了解最前沿的东西,可能还需要查找相应的文献。
  •     内容还没看,不过听说很好的书。大致看了一下,内容很全面,比较系统的介绍了湍流的相关内容。
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  •     很好的学习湍流的书。。。
  •     非常全,并且有一定的系统性。适合刚接触湍流的兴趣者。
  •     英文原著,内容翔实。包含理论部分和数值模拟部分,很值得拥有一本。
  •     基本的模型都讲到了
  •     非常适合学流体的用
  •     基础理论教程,很实用
  •     这么专业的书,这里有,太好了!
  •     英语水平有待提高
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  •     没怎么看过,但是这书确实非常有名。
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  •     不知道有没有译文版的书咧,看英文还是稍微有点吃力。
  •     很实用,可以短时间就复习好
  •     就是太厚重了,可能纸张太好了
  •     书不错,是讲湍流比较好的书籍了,但是由于湍流本身就比较复杂,所以这本书也不简单,需要认真看。
  •     还没看,这么厚厚的一本英文书还是吓着我了
  •     国内现在能买到的 湍流的经典著作吧 二版的纸张和印刷比一版的要好很多 比期望的要好 不过图书的书角有一些折痕 可能是运输过程中留下来的吧 无所谓了 至于内容等看完了再评
  •     算是市面上比较专业的一本书。
  •     内容很详细,非常值得收藏
  •     又大又厚,里面的字也比较大,相信读起来会很流畅
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  •     值得收藏的经典著作.
  •     只要你搜索了这书,看见了这个评论,就说明你肯定是同道了。那这本书就不用介绍了,绝对的好书和非常有用的工具书。书影印的不错,只是有些快递造成的碰痕。这个价格绝对值。在美国的时候没下得了手买80几刀的美版,回来后特意买了一本。希望多引进这样的影印书。强力推荐!
  •     比那本计算流体动力学导论印刷质量好多了。
  •     比较适合做模拟的,做理论还是看Statistical Fluid Mechanics卷1,2
  •     印刷质量很好,就是纸有点薄。经典教材,写的很好。
  •     很不错,印刷很好,慢慢看了
  •     书没看……不过质量非常不错,印刷非常好,卖家包装的也很结实
  •     不错!纸张好,等待研究。
  •     内容和书的质量都还可以
  •     纸的质量也不错,书本身也很好。
  •     不错的原版影印书,问题讲得透彻,可能是比较少有人购买的原因,表面有点破损,但无伤大雅。
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  •     印刷质量比introduction to computational fluid dynamics好得多。
  •     让我们慢慢步入流体理学的殿堂!,书的质量还不错
  •     纸的质量也不错,个人感觉很有用
  •     内容和类似的书差不多,内容比较充实
  •     漫画的形式生动又有趣,不喜欢这本书
  •     感觉比较受用,好书!不可多得的好书
  •     书写的很好,比较符合非计算力学人士了解。
  •     对自己帮助很大,好用
  •     用漫画来学习原本高深的东西,内容丰富易懂。
  •     绝对的好书,基础教材
  •     是一本难得的CFD入门教程。赞!,书是不错的
  •     工作需要自己买的,不错的选择!
  •     质量不错,整体介绍不错
  •     亦可当做参考书,学习中
  •     真的是好书,走人。。。。。。。。。
  •     内部的讲述很详细,理论性介绍
  •     有空就看看,国内直接数值模拟的权威学者!
  •     内容还不错,比较基础
  •     感觉不错。,好书一本
  •     非常权威的流体著作,送货快
  •     到处都买不到这本书,经典教材的翻译
 

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