计算流体动力学导论

所属分类:力学  
出版时间:2010-4   出版时间:世界图书出版公司   作者:(美)费斯泰赫 著   页数:503  
Tag标签:流体力学,cfd,学术  

前言

We were pleasantly surprised by the ready acceptance of the first edition of our book by the CFD community and by the amount of positive feedback received over a period of 10 years. To us this has provided justification of our original plan, which was to provide an accessible introduction to this fast-growing topic to support teaching at senior undergraduate level, post- graduate research and new industrial users of commercial CFD codes. Our second edition seeks to enhance and update. The structure and didactic approach of the first edition have been retained without change, but aug- mented by a selection of the most important developments in CFD.In our treatment of the physics of fluid flows we have added a summary of the basic ideas underpinning large-eddy simulation (LES) and direct numerical simulation (DNS). These resource-intensive turbulence predic- tion techniques are likely to have a major impact in the medium term on CFD due to the increased availability of high-end computing capability.Over the last decade a number of new discretisation techniques and solution approaches have come to the fore in commercial CFD codes. To reflect these developments we have included summaries of TVD techniques, which give stable, higher-order accurate solutions of convection-diffusion problems, and of iterative techniques and multi-grid accelerators that are now commonly used for the solution of systems of discretised equations. We have also added examples of the SIMPLE algorithm for pressure-velocity coupling to illustrate its workings.At the rime of writing our first edition, CFD was firmly established in the aerospace, automotive and power generation sectors. Subsequently, it has spread throughout engineering industry. This has gone hand in hand with major improvements in the treatment of complex geometries. We have devoted a new chapter to describing key aspects of unstructured meshing techniques that have made this possible.Application of CFD results in industrial research and design crucially hinges on confidence in its outcomes. We have included a new chapter on uncertainty in CFD results. Given the rapid growth in CFD applications it is difficult to cover, within the space of a single introductory volume, even a small part of the submodelling methodology that is now included in many general-purpose CFD codes. Our selection of advanced application material covers combustion and radiation algorithms, which reflects our local perspec- tive as mechanical engineers with interest in internal flow and combustion.

内容概要

本书是一本非常实用的计算流体动力学教材,它以简明、清晰的语言介绍了计算流体动力学的基本原理、控制方程、边界条件、湍流及其模式、有限体积法等。在保持第一版基本结构和写作风格基础上,增加了一部分介绍CFD重要发展;在处理流体流方面,增加了支持LES和DNS的基本观点的综述,使得内容结构更加完整。重点介绍了目前在各类流行商业软件中普遍采用的基于压力求解体系的有限体积法。本书的最大特点是弥补了理论与商用软件之间的差距,使读者通过该书的学习能够掌握应用广泛的PHOENICS,FLOW-3D和STAR-CD等计算编码中的基本理论。目次:绪论;流体运动守恒律与边界条件;湍流及其模式;扩散问题的有限体积方法;对流-扩散问题的有限体积法;压力-速度耦合在定常问题中的算法;离散方程的求解;非定常流动的有限体积方法;边界条件提法;CFD模型的误差和不确定度;处理复几何的方法;燃烧的CFD模型;放射热传导的数值计算。

书籍目录

Preface
Acknowledgements
1
Introduction
1.1
What
is
CFD?
1.2
How
does
a
CFD
code
work?
1.3
Problem
solving
with
CFD
1.4
Scope
of
this
book
2
Conservation
laws
of
fluid
motion
and
boundary
conditions
2.1
Governing
equations
of
fluid
flow
and
heat
transfer
2.2
Equations
of
state
2.3
Navier-Stokes
equations
for
a
Newtonian
fluid
2.4
Conservative
form
of
the
governing
equations
of
fluid
flow
2.5
Differential
and
integral
forms
of
the
general
transport
equations
2.6
Classification
of
physical
behaviours
2.7
The
role
of
characteristics
in
hyperbolic
equations
2.8
Classification
method
for
simple
PDEs
2.9
Classification
of
fluid
flow
equations
2.10
Auxiliary
conditions
for
viscous
fluid
flow
equations
2.11
Problems
in
transonic
and
supersonic
compressible
flows
2.12
Summary
3
Turbulence
and
its
modelling
3.1
What
is
turbulence?
3.2
Transition
from
laminar
to
turbulent
}low
3.3
Descriptors
of
turbulent
flow
3.4
Characteristics
of
simple
turbulent
flows
3.5
The
effect
of
turbulent
fluctuations
on
properties
of
the
mean
flow
3.6
Turbulent
flow
calculations
3.7
Reynolds-averaged
Navier-Stokes
equations
and
classical
turbulence
models
3.8
Large
eddy
simulation
3.9
Direct
numerical
simulation
3.10
Summary
4
The
finite
volume
method
for
diffusion
problems
4.1
Introduction
4.2
Finite
volume
method
for
one-dimensional
steady
state
diffusion
4.3
Worked
examples:
one-dimensional
steady
state
diffusion
4.4
Finite
volume
method
for
two-dimensional
diffusion
problems
4.5
Finite
volume
method
for
three-dimensional
diffusion
problems
4.6
Summary
5
The
finite
volume
method
for
convection-diffusion
problems
5.1
Introduction
5.2
Steady
one-dimensional
convection
and
diffusion
5.3
The
central
differencing
scheme
5.4
Properties
of
discretisation
schemes
5.5
Assessment
of
the
central
differencing
scheme
for
convectiondiffusion
problems
5.6
The
upwind
differencing
scheme
5.7
The
hybrid
differencing
scheme
5.8
The
power-law
scheme
5.9
Higher-order
differencing
schemes
for
convection-diffusion
problems
5.10
TVD
schemes
5.11
Summary
6
Solution
algorithms
for
pressure-velocity
6.1
Introduction
6.2
The
staggered
grid
6.3
The
momentum
equations
6.4
The
SIMPLE
algorithm
6.5
Assembly
ora
complete
method
6.6
The
SIMPLER
algorithm
6.7
The
SIMPLEC
algorithm
6.8
The
PISO
algorithm
6.9
General
comments
on
SIMPLE,
SIMPLER,
SIMPLEC
and
PISO
6.10
Worked
examples
of
the
SIMPLE
algorithm
6.11
Summary
7
Solution
of
discretised
equations
7.1
Introduction
7.2
The
TDMA
7.3
Application
of
the
TDMA
to
two-dimensional
problems
7.4
Application
of
the
TDMA
to
three-dimensional
problems
7.5
Examples
7.6
Point4terative
methods
7.7
Multigrid
techniques
7.8
Summary
8
the
finite
volume
method
for
unsteady
flows
8.1
Introduction
8.2
One-dimensional
unsteady
heat
conduction
8.3
Illustrative
examples
8.4
Implicit
method
for
two-
and
three-dimensional
problems
8.5
Discretisation
of
transient
convection-diffusion
equation
8.6
Worked
example
of
transient
convection-diffusion
using
QUICK
differencing
8.7
Solution
procedures
for
unsteady
flow
calculations
8.8
Steady
state
calculations
using
the
pseudo-transient
approach
8.9
A
brief
note
on
other
transient
schemes
8.10
Summary
9
Implementation
of
boomfary
confftions
9.1
Introduction
9.2
Inlet
boundary
conditions
9.3
Outlet
boundary
conditions
9.4
Wall
boundary
conditions
9.5
The
constant
pressure
boundary
condition
9.6
Symmetry
boundary
condition
9.7
Periodic
or
cyclic
boundary
condition
9.8
Potential
pitfalls
and
final
remarks
10
Errors
and
uncertainty
in
CFD
modelling
10.1
Errors
and
uncertainty
in
CFD
10.2
Numerical
errors
10.3
Input
uncertainty
10.4
Physical
model
uncertainty
10.5
Verification
and
validation
10,6
Guidelines
for
best
practice
in
CFD
10.7
Reporting/documentation
of
CFD
simulation
inputs
and
results
10.8
Summary
11
Methods
for
dealing
with
complex
geometries
11.1
Introduction
11.2
Body-fitted
co.ordinate
grids
for
complex
geometries
11.3
Catesian
vs.
curvilinear
grids
-
an
example
11.4
Curvilinear
grids
-
difficulties
11.5
Block-structured
grids
11.6
Unstructured
grids
11.7
Discretisation
in
unstructured
grids
11.8
Discretisafion
of
the
diffusion
term
11.9
Discretisafion
of
the
convective
term
11.10
Treatment
of
source
terms
11.11
Assembly
of
discretised
equations
11.12
Example
calculations
with
unstructured
grids
11.13
Pressure-velocity
coupling
in
unstructured
meshes
11.14
Staggered
vs.
co-located
grid
arrangements
11.15
Extension
of
the
face
velocity
interpolation
method
to
unstructured
meshes
11.16
Summary
12
CFD
modelling
of
combustion
12.1
Introduction
12.2
Application
of
the
first
law
of
thermodynamics
to
a
combustion
system
12.3
Enthalpy
of
formation
12.4
Some
important
relationships
and
properties
of
gaseous
mixtures
12.5
Stoichiometry
12.6
Equivalence
ratio
12.7
Adiabatic
flame
temperature
12.8
Equilibrium
and
dissociation
12.9
Mechanisms
of
combustion
and
chemical
kinetics
12.10
Overall
reactions
and
intermediate
reactions
12.11
Reaction
rate
12.12
Detailed
mechanisms
12.13
Reduced
mechanisms
12.14
Governing
equations
for
combusting
flows
12.15
The
simple
chemical
reacting
system
(SCRS)
12.16
Modelling
of
a
laminar
diffusion
flame
-
an
example
12.17
CFD
calculation
of
turbulent
non-premixed
combustion
12.18
SCRS
model
for
turbulent
combustion
12.19
Probability
density
function
approach
12.20
Beta
pdf
12.21
The
chemical
equilibrium
model
12.22
Eddy
break-up
model
of
combustion
12.23
Eddy
dissipation
concept
12.24
Laminar
flamelet
model
12.25
Generation
oflaminar,
flamelet
libraries
12.26
Statistics
of
the
non-equilibrium
parameter
12.27
Pollutant
formation
in
combustion
12.28
Modelling
of
thermal
NO
formation
in
combustion
12.29
Flamelet-based
NO
modelling
12.30
An
example
to
illustrate
laminar
flamelet
modelling
and
NO
modelling
of
a
turbulent
flame
12.31
Other
models
for
non-premixed
combustion
12.32
Modelling
ofpremixed
combustion
12.33
Summary
13
Numedcal
calculation
of
radiative
heat
transfer
13.1
Introduction
13.2
Governing
equations
of
radiative
heat
transfer
13.3
Solution
methods
13.4
Four
popular
radiation
calculation
techniques
suitable
for
CFD
13.5
Illustrative
examples
13.6
Calculation
of
radiative
properties
in
gaseous
mixtures
13.7
Summary
Appendix
A
Accuracy
of
a
flow
simulation
Appendix
B
Non-uniform
grids
Appendix
C
Calculation
of
source
terms
Appendix
D
Limiter
functions
used
in
Chapter
5
Appendix
E
Derivation
of
one-dimensional
governing
equations
for
steady,
incompressible
flow
through
a
planar
nozzle
Appendix
F
Alternative
derivation
for
the
term
(n
.
grad
Ai)
in
Chapter
11
Appendix
G
Some
examples
Bibliography
Index

章节摘录

插图:The
discussion
of
the
k-e
turbulence
model,
to
which
we
return
later,
the
material
in
Chapters
2
and
3
is
largely
self-contained.
This
allows
the
use
of
this
book
by
those
wishing
tO
concentrate
principally
on
the
numerical
algorithms,
but
requiring
an
overview
of
the
fluid
dynamics
and
the
math-
ematics
behind
it
for
occasional
reference
in
the
same
text.The
second
part
of
the
book
is
devoted
to
the
numerical
algorithms
of
the
finite
volume
method
and
covers
Chapters
4
to
9.
Discretisation
schemes
and
solution
procedures
for
steady
flows
are
discussed
in
Chapters
4
to
7.
Chapter
4
describes
the
basic
approach
and
derives
the
central
difference
scheme
for
diffusion
phenomena.
In
Chapter
5
we
emphasise
the
key
prop-
erties
of
discretisation
schemes,
conservativeness,
boundedness
and
trans-
portiveness,
which
are
used
as
a
basis
for
the
further
development
of
the
upwind,
hybrid,
QUICK
and
TVD
schemes
for
the
discretisation
of
con-
vective.terms.
The
non-linear
nature
of
the
underlying
flow
phenomena
and
the
linkage
between
pressure
and
velocity
in
variable
density
fluid
flows
requires
special
treatment,
which
is
the
subject
of
Chapter
6.
We
introduce
the
SIMPLE
algorithm
and
some
of
its
more
recent
derivatives
and
also
discuss
the
PISO
algorithm.
In
Chapter
7
we
describe
algorithms
for
the
solution
of
the
systems
of
algebraic
equations
that
appear
after
the
discret-
isation
stage.
We
focus
our
attention
on
the
well-known
TDMA
algorithm,
which
was
the
basis
of
early
CFD
codes,
and
point
iterative
methods
with
multigrid
accelerators,
which
are
the
current
solvers
of
choice.The
theory
behind
all
the
numerical
methods
is
developed
around
a
set
of
worked
examples
which
can
be
easily
programmed
on
a
PC.
This
pres-
entation
gives
the
opportunity
for
a
detailed
examination
of
all
aspects
of
the
discretisation
schemes,
which
form
the
basic
building
blocks
of
practical
CFD
codes,
including
the
characteristics
of
their
solutions.In
Chapter
8
we
assess
the
advantages
and
limitations
of
various
schemes
to
deal
with
unsteady
flows,
and
Chapter
9
completes
the
development
of
the
numerical
algorithms
by
considering
the
practical
implementation
of
the
most
common
boundary
conditions
in
the
finite
volume
method.The
book
is
primarily
aimed
to
support
those
who
have
access
to
a
CFD
package,
so
that
the
issues
raised
in
the
text
can
be
explored
in
greater
depth.
The
solution
procedures
are
nevertheless
sufficiently
well
documented
for
the
interested
reader
to
be
able
to
start
developing
a
CFD
code
from
scratch.The
third
part
of
the
book
consists
of
a
selection
of
topics
relating
to
the
application
of
the
finite
volume
method
to
complex
industrial
problems.
In
Chapter
10
we
review
aspects
of
accuracy
and
uncertainty
in
CFD.
It
is
not
possible
to
predict
the
error
in
a
CFD
result
from
first
principles,
which
creates
some
problems
for
the
industrial
user
who
wishes
to
evolve
equip-
ment
design
on
the
basis
of
insights
gleaned
from
CFD.
In
order
to
address
this
issue
a
systematic
process
has
been
developed
to
assist
in
the
quantifica-
tion
of
the
uncertainty
of
CFD
output.
We
discuss
methods,
the
concepts
of
verification
and
validation,
and
give
a
summary
of
rules
for
best
practice
that
have
been
developed
by
the
CFD
community
to
assist
users.
In
Chapter
11
we
discuss
techniques
to
cope
with
complex
geometry.
We
review
various
approaches
based
on
structured
meshes:
Cartesian
co-ordinate
systems,
gen-
eralised
co-ordinate
systems
based
on
transformations,
and
block-structured
grids,
which
enable
design
of
specific
meshes
tailored
to
the
needs
of
dif-
ferent
parts
of
geometry.
We
give
details
of
the
implementation
of
the
finite
volume
method
on
unstructured
meshes.
These
are
not
based
on
a
grid
of
lines
to
define
nodal.

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  •     理论清晰,对英文也是考验
  •     这本书编写的很详细,是一本不错的书,适合科研人员学习。
  •     这本书嘛,还算是不错的吧好
  •     挺喜欢的,说的比较清楚,英文不太好也能看懂
  •     比较经典,收藏了
  •     正准备细细阅读
  •     老外的书,一般都不错,但是外文的看起来费力气,没看完的,有空再看
  •     现在还没开始看,不过应该是一本很好的书
  •     之前就有人评价纸张和印刷与盗版无异 下单时我已有心理准备 而且图书馆的书也是这样 只能说是出版社的问题了 专门介绍FVM的书不多 可以一读 基础读物 做CFD的人应该有一本
  •     书中有明显的被脚踩过的泥印
  •     经典教材,为什么那么多人喷呢?说了是影印版的还要求那么高,想要好的去买原版啊。这本书足够了。
  •     学习CFD经典书籍,和相关CFD商业软件紧密相连,以有限体积方法介绍CFD,初学入门必备书籍
  •     国外经典计算流体力学书的影印版,和原版相比价格很划算,性价比高
  •     内容挺好的,纸张也还可以,当然比着教材的用纸不行
  •     纸质也非常好,比原版便宜才是最重要的啊
  •     没话说,都很好,纸张和内容都不错
  •     非常好的计算流体力学入门书,印刷纸张绝对没问题,感谢世图引进这本书,比电子版看着好多了
  •     印刷质量很好,学习有限体积法较为全面的教材。
  •     刚收到的,没有前面说的那种纸张差的问题。开始我还担心像巴彻特流体动力学那种影印效果呢,不过事实证明。。。纸张,印刷都非常好。刚学完安德森的,相比之下,这本的质量的要好的多,当然价格也。。。难度似乎也蛮高的。等看完接着评价吧。
  •     真的很不错,自学是一本好教材,讲的很详细!
  •     内容比较全面,很适合初学者,对有限体积CFD介绍的比较全面,我是去年买的,质量不错,字是小了点。
  •     这本书的纸张和油墨都像是盗版书
  •     纸张太差,印刷质量不行
  •     阅读这本书对一些概念理解很深刻。,女儿的书
  •     有空要好好拜读经典。,补课中。这本教材讲得很实用。
  •     英文很地道,不错的参考书
  •     影印版,很基础的书
  •     还没看,这种书需要读很多遍。大师的思想
  •     内容不错很受益。,适合自己的工作
  •     很不错的工具书,内容很专业
  •     在边缘上有点小瑕疵。内容还没看。,不是很深入
  •     屠老师上课的教材,但是光盘质量不是很好的有杂音。
  •     就是这次的运送速度比以前慢了一些,还没细看
  •     这才叫写书,挺好的一本计算流体力学入门书
  •     质量很好。,就是看着纸张不像正版
  •     看看,阅读起来很轻松。。纸张也不错。不可多得的版本
  •     找了很多家,对英文也是考验
  •     全面详实。,亦可当做参考书
  •     发货很及时,教材
  •     自学,内容丰富易懂。
  •     好书,内容蛮难的。
  •     不过第一章的英制单位和国际单位的转换就搞得我头大了……,安德森的书向来不错
  •     非常值得收藏,更可气的是封面折损的伤心。我想以后不会在此买书了
 

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