统计力学

所属分类:力学  
出版时间:2012-3   出版时间:世界图书出版公司   作者:马提斯   页数:335  
Tag标签:物理,物理学,统计力学  

内容概要

  For this new edition, each chapter was revised and improved,
typos corrected and figures added, some in response to many helpful
comments on the first edition. We especially thank Professor Milton
W. Cole for his correction of a factor 2 in the specific heat of a
1D hard-core Bose gas. Additionally, solutions to some
representative problems have been included in an Appendix.
  But, more t.han mere revision and expansion of the material, it
is the wit and knowledge of a new co-author that has greatly
improved the present text. Thanks to this couaboration the topics
of renormalization group and Monte-Carlo numerical techniques could
be treated on a par with more conventional elements of statistical
thermodynamics. The addition of these important subjects and the
expansion of topics that previously had been just many-body theory
and phase transitions. We present this new edition in the hope it
will better serve the contemporary student while offering to the
instructor a wider, more useful choice of lecture materials.

作者简介

作者:(美国)马提斯(Daniel C.Mattis)

书籍目录

Preface to Second Edition
Preface to First Edition
Introduction: Theories of Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and
Statistical Mechanics
Chapter 1 Elementary Concepts in Statistics and Probability
1.0.Random Variables and Their Distributions
1.1.The Binomial Distribution
1.2.Length of a Winning Streak
1.3.Brownian Motion and the Random Walk
1.4.Poisson versus Normal (Gaussian) Distributions
1.5.Central Limit Theorem (CLT)
1.6.Multinomial Distributions, Statistical Thermodynamics
1.7.The Barometer Equation
1.8.Other Distributions
Chapter 2 The Ising Model and the Lattice Gas
2.0.Physical Applications of the Binary Model
2.1.Some Background and Motivation
2.2.First-Principles Statistical Theory of Paramagnetism
2.3.More on Entropy and Energy
2.4.Some Other Relevant Thermodynamic Functions
2.5.Mean-Field Theory, Stable and Metastable Solutions
2.6.The Lattice Gas
2.7.The Nearest-Neighbor Chain: Thermodynamics in 1D
2.8.The Disordered Ising Chain
2.9.Other Magnetic Systems in One Dimension
Chapter 3 Elements of Thermodynamics
3.1.The Scope of Thermodynamics
3.2.Equations of State and Some Definitions
3.3.Maxwell Relations
3.4.Three Important Laws of Thermodynamics
3.5.The Second Derivatives of the Free Energy
3.6.Phase Diagrams for the van der Waals Gas
3.7.Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
3.8.Phase Transitions
3.9.The Carnot Cycle
3.10. Superconductivity
Chapter 4 Statistical Mechanics
4.0.An Axiomatic Approach and the Ergodic Hypothesis
4.1.The Formalism - and a False Start
4.2.Gibbs' Paradox and Its Remedy
4.3.The Gibbs Factor
4.4.The Grand Ensemble
4.5.Non-Ideal Gas and the 2-Body Correlation Function
4.6.The Virial Equation of State
4.7.Weakly Non-Ideal Gas
4.8. .Two-body Correlations
4.9.Configurational Partition Function in 1D
4.10. One Dimension versus Two
4.11. Two Dimensions versus Three: The Debye-Waller Factors
4.12. Specific Heat of Quasi-Ideal Dilute Atomic and Diatomic
Gases
4.13. Nanophysics and Inhomogeneity
Chapter 5 The World of Bosons
5.0. Quantum "Statistics"
5.1.Two Types of Bosons and Their Operators
5.2.Number Representation and the Many-Body Problem
5.3.The Adiabatic Process and Conservation of Entropy
5.4.Many-Body Perturbations
5.5. Photons
……
Chapter 6 All About Fermions: Theories of Metals,Superconductors,
Semiconductors
Chapter 7 Kinetic Theory
Chapter 8 The Transfer Matrix
Chapter 9 Monte Carlo and Other Computer Simulation Methods
Chapter 10 Critical Phenomena and the Renormalization Group
Chapter 11 Some Uses of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical
Physics

章节摘录

版权页:
插图:
6.14.
Contemporary
Developments
in
Superconductivity
The
interest
surrounding
the
BCS
theory
stimulated
numerous
discoveries,including
the
pair-breaking
effects
of
magnetic
impurities
that
can
significantly
decrease
the
energy
gap
Δ
and
to
a
lesser
degree,
Tc'
The
discovery
of
type

superconductors
that
magnetic
fields
could
penetrate
by
creating
arrays
of
vortices
with
nonsuperconducting
cores
added
to
the
general
excitement.
Inhomogeneities
of
this
type
became
understood
with
the
aid
of
semiphenomenological
Landau-Ginsberg
equations,
once
these
equations
were
mated
to
the
BCS
theory.o
The
Josephson
effect
and
numerous
other
tunneling
phenomena
soon
became
major
concerns,r
although
the
real
push
was
on
to
raise
Tc
to
where
practical
applications
might
ensue.
For
a
period
of
3
decades
all
known
superconducting
materials
were
alloyed
and
mixed
with
one
another
in
a
futile
attempt
to
raise
Tc
above
some
25
K.
In
fact,
a
number
of
theoretical
speculations
(too
erudite
to
repeat)
purported
to
show
that
Tc
=
30
K
could
never
be
exceeded
by
the
mechanism
of
the
electron-phonon
interaction
alone.
The
situation
changed
dramatically
in
late
1986
and
the
Nobel
prize
was
awarded
to
J.
Bednorz
and
K.
Müller
shortly
thereafter
for
their
discovery
of
the
first
"high-temperature
superconductor"
--
doped
lanthanum
copper
oxide,
a
layered
mineral
belonging
to
the
perovskite
family,
exhibiting
type

superconductivity
up
to
T
=
35
K.
Numerous
other
minerals,
all
containing
layers
of
the
two-dimensional
spin-1/2
antiferromagnet
CuO2,
were
soon
developed
in
a
frantic
search
for
successively
higher
Tc.
Interestingly,
the
normal
conductivity
in
these
materials
is
highly
anisotropic:
highly
conductive
in
the
ab
plane,
they
are
approximately
semiconductors
along
the
perpendicular
crystallographic
c-axis.
On
the
other
hand
the
superconducting
phase
is
quasi-isotropic,
possibly
owing
to
Josephson
tunneling
between
planes
that
is
lacking
in
the
normal
phase.
Critical
temperatures
upwards
of
160
K
have
already
been
attained
(or
at
least,
reported)
and
at
the
date
of
writing,
some
hope
remains
that
a
room-temperature
superconductor
will
be
found.
It
is
not
far-fetched
to
say
that
such
a
discovery
would
soon
revolutionize
contemporary
electronics,
electrical
engineering
and
perhaps
all
of
technology.

编辑推荐

《统计力学(第2版)》由世界图书出版公司北京公司出版。

图书封面

图书标签Tags

物理,物理学,统计力学


    统计力学下载



用户评论 (总计21条)

 
 

  •     作者另外有一本磁性,也是一本好书。
  •     国内怎么就写不好教材呢?,挺好
  •     但是用处不大,这本也不例外!!!好书!!!
  •     感觉纸张还说得过去,作者另外有一本磁性
  •     不了解,具体而微
  •     观点很深刻,可以作为教材和参考书
  •     很多高校的物理类专业都选择其作为四大力学教材之一。,书很好- -写的有特色
  •     很好的一本专著!
    作者本人对此领域理解深刻,除了每章末的题
  •     沈老师就去世了。实在是遗憾。只能从书中寻找真味了。向沈老师致敬。,并且在开头对概率论做了一些简单描述。基本没啥基础的也能看。
  •     也是一本好书。,值得好好再学习。
  •     内容完整,挺靠谱的。
  •     还没有听到沈老师的课,一本很特别的统计力学著作
  •     很好的书,内容新很有用。
  •     后面论述了一些相变理论的内容。,还没有看
  •     沈惠川先生的书一向物理味浓厚,大牛写的书就是不一样
  •     推到流畅!,书很不错
  •     不过印刷质量不是特别好,算作入门书籍
  •     所以能准确地传递给读者。,送货非常快!
  •     17号到22号,一个月内全部搞定
  •     还行吧,想考北大啊。。。
  •     很喜欢,比汪志成的版本要详细一些
 

自然科学类PDF下载,力学PDF下载。 PPT下载网 

PPT下载网 @ 2017